Mechanical tubes

Mechanical tubes are used for mechanical and light gauge structural applications.

Tubes for Mechanical and Automobile

Mechanical tubes are produced to meet specific end use requirements, specifications, tolerances and chemistries.

Tubing used for mechanical and light gauge structural applications. This allows for more specific property uniformity throughout the tube compared to standard pipe or tube. While Mechanical tube can be produced to standard specifications when requested, it is often produced to “typical” properties that focus mainly on the yield strength for a precise size and wall thickness. In some applications with severe forming, yield strength may not even be specified and the mechanical tube is produced to be “fit for use”. Mechanical tubing encompasses a wide range of both structural and non-structural applications.

Production Standard, Grade, Steel No:

At SunnySteel, we apply our metallurgical and production expertise to manufacture high-performance seamless mechanical tube products to meet your needs.

This includes carbon, alloy and even custom steel grades; annealed, normalized and tempered; stress relieved and stress free; and quench and tempered.

Seamless Steel Tubes for Mechanical and Automobile usage for Backbone of Automobile and rear axle tube, manufacturing and processing of precision equipments, instruments and apparatus.

Sunny Steel supply a 1/2 million foot inventory of carbon steel pressure tubing including boiler tubes, condenser tubes and heat exchanger tubes all made in the China.

Our carbon steel pressure tubing inventory is manufactured in accordance with ASME SA-178 A and/or ASME SA-214 in diameters of 3/4″ through 4”.

Application:

Delivery Condition: GBK, BKS, BK, BKW, NBK

Inspection and Test:
Chemical Composition, Mechanical Properties, Visual and Dimension Test, NDT, Grain Size Test

Surface treatment:
Oil-dip, Varnish, Shot Blasting
Grade and Chemical Composition (%)
Grade C Mn P≤ S≤ Si Cr Mo
1010 0.08-0.13 0.30-0.60 0.04 0.05 - - -
1020 0.18-0.23 0.30-0.60 0.04 0.05 - - -
1045 0.43-0.50 0.60-0.90 0.04 0.05 - - -
4130 0.28-0.33 0.40-0.60 0.04 0.05 0.15-0.35 0.80-1.10 0.15-0.25
4140 0.38-0.43 0.75-1.00 0.04 0.05 0.15-0.35 0.80-1.10 0.15-0.25
Typical Mechanical Properties
-
Grade Condition Tensile strength Yield stength Elongation
Mpa(min) Mpa(min) %(min)
1020 CW 414 483 5
SR 345 448 10
A 193 331 30
N 234 379 22
1025 CW 448 517 5
SR 379 483 8
A 207 365 25
N 248 379 22
4130 SR 586 724 10
A 379 517 30
N 414 621 20
4140 SR 689 855 10
A 414 552 25
N 621 855 20
Size Range

Tubular products seamless mechanical tubing is furnished in both cold-drawn and hot finished form in a wide range of sizes, from 1.375″ to 7.750″ OD and from 0.188″ to 1.625″ wall thickness.

Minimum Quantities
Special Configurations

Tubular Products special seamless tubing configurations start with the highest quality steels. Grade, chemical analysis and surface condition are carefully considered, and production processes are tailored to achieve the best tubing for the end use.
The configurations are formed from round tube by cold drawing. The tube is drawn over a shaped mandrel or through a shaped die, or both. Improved tolerances, finishes and mechanical properties result.

Seamless and welded tubes for mechanical and general engineering applications. Tubes for construction and structural purposes such as civil structures, foundations, etc.

Standard Steel Grade
EN 10297 E355
10210-1/2 S235JRH, S275JOH, S275J2H, S355JOH, S355J2H
10219-1/2
DIN 1629/2448 St-52
ASTM A500 Gr. A, Gr. B
A501
A618 Gr. I, Gr. II, Gr. III

Dimensional Tolerance

Supply Conditions Steel Tubes Provided according to Outside Diameter and Wall Thickness Steel Pipes Provided according to Outside Diameter, Inside Diameter and Wall Thickness Steel Tubes with the Outside Diameter of 77 mm, Inside Diameter of 57 mm and the Wall Thickness of 10 mm
Allowable Deviation of Diameter and Wall Thickness Size (mm) Allowable Deviation (%) Size Allowable Deviation Size Allowable Deviation
Outside Diameter ±1.0 Outside Diameter ±1.0% Outside Diameter +1.0 mm-0.55 mm
Wall Thickness ≤ 7 +15-9
﹥7-15 +12.5-10 Inside Diameter ±1.75% Inside Diameter +1.5 mm-0.5 mm
﹥15 +12.5-7.5 Wall-Thickness-Difference ≤ 15% of Nominal Wall Thickness Wall-Thickness-Difference ≤ 15% of Nominal Wall Thickness

Mechanical Tubing vs. Structural Tubing

In the world of tubing, things can get a bit confusing. With many different types of tubing for different applications, terms and meanings can be a bit ambiguous. With this in mind, we’ve set out to explain the difference between structural tubing and mechanical tubing.

Mechanical Tubing: tubing used for mechanical and light gauge structural applications. Mechanical tube is produced to meet specific end use requirements, specifications, tolerances and chemistries. This allows for more specific property uniformity throughout the tube compared to standard pipe. While Mechanical tube can be produced to standard specifications when requested, it is often produced to “typical” properties that focus mainly on the yield strength for a particular size and wall thickness. In some applications with severe forming, yield strength may not even be specified and the Mechanical tube is produced to be “fit for use”.

Structural Tubing: tubing used for structural applications. Standard strength requirements of the tube help dictate applications for which certain tubing is most appropriate. Structural tube is often referred to as hollow structural sections or HSS.

AVAILABLE SHAPES

Mechanical tubing encompasses a wide range of both structural and non-structural applications.

Mechanical Tube

  • Square / Rectangle
  • Round
  • Custom Shapes

Structural Tube

  • Square
  • Rectangle
  • Round
APPLICATIONS

Mechanical Tube

  • Solar Racking
  • Agricultural and dairy products
  • Greenhouse structures and equipment
  • Playground and recreational equipment
  • Conveyor rollers
  • Carports and metal buildings
  • Trailers
  • Appliances
  • Canopies and Shade Structures
  • Satellite dish supports
  • Vinyl stiffening tubes
  • Miscellaneous product applications

Structural Tube

  • Buildings
  • Bridges
  • Towers
  • Cranes
  • Sign supports and poles
  • Off-shore production and drilling platforms
  • Roll-over protective structures (ROPS)
SPECIFICATIONS

Mechanical Tube

At Wheatland Tube, our mechanical tubing is manufactured to typical Mechanical tube properties or in accordance with ASTM A500 and A513 Types 1 and 2 specifications.

Our Mechanical tubing is not limited to these specifications and can be produced to specific customer requirements when appropriate.

Additionally, our in-line galvanized products comply with A1057 and A787 coating specifications and provide a synergistic triple-coat process for enhanced product life.

Structural Tube

While specifications will vary based on design (and from manufacturer to manufacturer), some common specifications of structural tubing include ASTM A500 Grade B and C, A847, A1065, and the recently approved ASTM A1085.

In both cases of “Structural” or “Mechanical” tubing, these products are ordered to a specific outside dimension (OD) and “gauge” or wall thickness. This varies from “pipe” products which are ordered based on inside dimensions (ID) and often pipe “schedules” that determine the wall thickness. Pipe and conduit products should not be used in structural applications as their strength properties may not be produced to standard structural specifications or meet specified engineering requirements.



Tech & Service of Seamless pipe

Seamless pipes are extensively applied for the nuclear device, gas, petrochemical, ship building and boiler industries. Seamless pipes dominates 65% of market share in Chinese boiler industry.

How to make seamless pipe(seamless pipe process)?
Hot Piercing Workshop
Piercing process
The cross roll piercing and pilger rolling process in the size range from approx. 250 to 660 mm outside diameter.
Precision cold drawn steel tube production process
Pipe weld cracks
often follow different mechanisms can be divided into two types of thermal cracking and cold cracking.
How to calculate a steel pipe and tube theoretic weight
Calculate a steel pipe?
Pipe fittings are necessary to join together pipes, or to change the direction of an existing pipe.
Pipe beveling
Pipe beveling is the process where an angle is formed between the edge of the end of a pipe or tube and a plane perpendicular to the surface.
Steel pipe cutting machine
Pipe cutting
Cutting tools have a grinding wheel piece cutting machine (also known as toothless saw), hand saw, cutter and other hand tools.
How to calculate a steel pipe and tube theoretic weight
Packing the steel pipes
There are probably hundreds of different methods for packing a pipe, and most of them have merit, but there are two principles that are vital for any method.
Condition on delivery:

It refers to the state of final plastic deformation or final heat treatment of the delivered product. The hot-rolled or cold drawn (rolled) state or manufacturing state generally delivered without heat treatment; the heat-treated state after heat treatment delivery, or the normalizing, tempering, solid solution, annealing according to the type of heat treatment status.

Delivery status Abbreviation Description

Cold-finished/hard
(cold-finished as-drawn)

BK No heat treatment after the last cold-forming process. The tubes therefore have only low deformability.
Cold-finished/soft
(lightly cold-worked)
BKW After the last heat treatment there is a light finishing pass (cold drawing) With proper subsequent processing, the tube can be cold-formed (e.g. bent, expanded) within certain limits.
Annealed GBK After the final cold-forming process the tubes are annealed in a controlled atmosphere or under vacuum.
Normalized NBK The tubes are annealed above the upper transformation point in a controlled atmosphere or under vacuum.

Delivery according to actual weight or delivery according to theoretical weight

  • Actual weight - at the time of delivery, the weight of its product is delivered according to the weighing (weighing) weight;
  • Theoretical weight - The weight of the product at the time of delivery is calculated from the nominal size of the steel.
 


SUNNY STEEL

Our team are highly trained and experienced in servicing and producing all types of steel supplies. Whether you've got a large construction project, or need parts for industrial machinery, our team of steel fabrication consultants will ensure that your project is provided with the parts you need, when you need them.

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