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Alloy steel pipe & tube

The benefits of alloy steel pipe include its tensile strength, yield strength, fatigue resistance, toughness, and wear resistance.

ASTM A335 Chrome Moly Pipe

ASTM A335 Pipe (ASME S/A335, Chorme-Moly) is a seamless ferritic Alloy-Steel Pipe for high temperature service. Pipe ordered to this specification shall be suitable for bending, flanging (vanstoning), and similar forming operations, and for fusion welding. Sometimes referred to as “P Grade”, chome moly pipe is popular in P-Grades P5, P9, P11, P22, and P91.

Main ASTM A335 alloy pipes/tubes

General Abbreviations of chrome moly pipe are chrome-moly, cro-moly, CrMo, CRMO, CR-MOLY.

ASTM A335 P9 alloy pipe
ASTM A335 P9 alloy pipe
The range of ASTM A335 P9 seamless alloy steel pipe sizes that may be examined by each method shall be subjected...
ASTM A335 P11 alloy pipe
ASTM A335 P11 alloy pipe
ASTM A335 P11 is the part of ASTM A335, the pipe shall be suitable for bending, flanging, and similar forming operations, and for fusion welding.
ASTM A335 P22 is the part of ASTM A335, the pipe shall be suitable for bending, flanging, and similar forming operations, and for fusion welding.
A335 P22 alloy pipe
ASTM A335 P22 is the part of ASTM A335, the pipe shall be suitable for bending, flanging, and similar forming operations, and for fusion welding.
ASTM A335 P91 alloy pipe
A335 P91 alloy pipe
ASTM A335 P91 is the part of ASTM A335, the pipe shall be suitable for bending, flanging...
ASTM A335 P92 alloy pipe
ASTM A335 P92 alloy pipes
ASTM A335 P92 pipe shall be suitable for bending, flanging, and similar forming operations, and for fusion welding.
ASTM A335 P5 High pressure boiler pipes
A335 P5 High pressure pipes
The range of ASTM A335 P5 pipe sizes that may be examined by each method shall be subjected to...

ASTM A335 standard is issued under the fixed designation A 335/A 335M; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year of original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision.

The most common use of grades P11, P22, and P91 is in the power industry and petro-chemical plants, Grades P5 and P9 are commonly used in refineries.

Download ASTM A335 Chrome Moly Pipe Sunny Steel Supply stocks a full range of the following A335 pipe grades:

Grades: ASTM A335 P5, P9, P11, P-22, and P91

Sizes

ASTM A335 is often called as chrome moly pipe because of the chemical contain of Molybdenum (Mo) and Chromium (Cr). Molybdenum increases the strength of steel and Chromium (or chrome) is the essential constituent of stainless steel.

The composition chrome moly alloy steel pipe make it ideal for use in power plants, refineries, petro chemical plants, and oil field services where fluids and gases are transported at extremely high temperatures and pressures.

Applications:
Chrome moly pipe under ASTM & ASME specification A/SA 335 P1, P2, P11, P12, P15, P22, P91, P92, P122 are used for power industries whereas ASTM/ASME A/SA 335 P5, P9 are used for petrochemical industries

Certitifcation: Chrome Moly pipe are certified as PER DIN 50049 3.1, EN 10204 3.1/3.2 and NACE MR-0175 & NACE MR-0103

Piping Component Specifications:

Chemical Composition:

These pipe bear high resistance to rupture at high temperature and pressures. With hydrogen crack resistance and sulfide stress corrosion cracking chrome moly pipe are highly preferred over Carbon pipe.

Grade  Carbon  Manganese  Phosphorous,
max
 Sulfur,
max
 Silicon  Molybdenum
ASTM A335 P5  0.15max  0.30-0.60  0.025  0.025  0.50max  0.45-0.65
 ASTM A335 P9  0.15max  0.30-0.60  0.025  0.025  0.25-1.00  0.90-1.10
 ASTM A335 P11  0.05-0.15  0.30-0.60  0.025  0.025  0.50-1.00  0.44-0.65
 ASTM A335 P22  0.05-0.15  0.30-0.60  0.025  0.025  0.50max  0.87-1.13
 ASTM A335 P91  0.08-0.12  0.30-0.60  0.020  0.010 0.20-0.50  0.85-1.05
Zr 0.01 max V 0.18-0.25 N 0.03-0.07 Ni 0.40 max Al 0.02 max Cb 0.06-0.10 Ti 0.01 max
Tensile Requirements
Tensile Strength, min., psi P-5P-9P-11P-22P-91
ksi6060606085
MPa415415415415585
Yield Strength, min., psi
ksi3030303060
MPa205205205205415

Note: P91 shall not have a hardness not exceeding 250 HB/265 HV [25HRC].

Mechanical Properties
Mechanical properties  P1,P2  P12  P23  P91  P92,P11  P122
 Tensile strength  380  415  510  585  620  620
 Yield strength  205  220  400  415  440  400

A335 is often called chrome moly pipe because of the chemical makeup of Molybdenum (Mo) and Chromium (Cr). Molybdenum increases the strength of steel as well as the elastic limit, resistance to wear, impact qualities, and hardenability. Moly increases the resistance to softening, restrains grain growth and makes chromium steel less susceptible to embrittlement. Moly is the most effective single additive that increases high temperature creep strength.

It also enhances the corrosion resistance of steel, and inhibits pitting. Chromium (or chrome) is the essential constituent of stainless steel. Any steel with 12% or more Chrome is considered stainless. Chrome is virtually irreplaceable in resisting oxidation at elevated temperatures. Chrome raises the tensile, yield, and hardness at room temperatures. The composition chrome moly alloy steel pipe make it ideal for use in power plants, refineries, petro chemical plants, and oil field services where fluids and gases are transported at extremely high temperatures and pressures.

Heat Treatment
A / N+T
N+T / Q+T
N+T
Material & Manufacture

Pipe may be either hot finished or cold drawn with the finishing heat treatment noted below.

Heat Treatment Requirements
Grade Heat Treatment Type
P5, P9, P11, and P22
Normalizing Temperature Range F [C] Subcritical Annealing or Tempering
Temperature Range F [C]
A335 P5 (b,c) Full or Isothermal Anneal
Normalize and Temper ***** 1250 [675]
Subcritical Anneal (P5c only) ***** 1325 – 1375 [715 - 745]
A335 P9 Full or Isothermal Anneal
Normalize and Temper ***** 1250 [675]
A335 P11 Full or Isothermal Anneal
Normalize and Temper ***** 1200 [650]
A335 P22 Full or Isothermal Anneal
Normalize and Temper ***** 1250 [675]
A335 P91 Normalize and Temper 1900-1975 [1040 - 1080] 1350-1470 [730 - 800]
Quench and Temper 1900-1975 [1040 - 1080] 1350-1470 [730 - 800]
Permissible Variation in Wall Thickness
NPS [DN] Designator Tolerance, % from Specified
Over Under
1/8 to 2 1/2 [6 to 65] incl., all t/D ratios 20.0% 12.5%
Above 2 1/2 [65], t/D < or = 5% 22.5% 12.5%
Above 2 1/2 [65], t/D > 5% 15.0% 12.5%
(t = Specified Wall Thickness; D = Specified Outside Diameter)
Elongation Requirements
Calculated Minimum Elongation Values
Elongation in 2 in. or 50 mm, min %
Wall Thickness P5, P9, P11, P22 P91
in. mm Longitudinal Transverse Longitudinal
5/16 (0.312) 8 30 20 20
9/32 (0.281) 7.2 28 19 19
1/4 (0.250) 6.4 27 18 18
7/32 (0.219) 5.6 26 17
3/16 (0.188) 4.8 24 16
5/32 (0.156) 4 22 15
7/8 (0.125) 3.2 21 14
3/32 (0.094) 2.4 20 13
1/18 (0.062) 1.6 18 12
Permissible Variations in Outside Diameter
Outside Diameter at any point shall not vary from standard specified more than:
NPS [DN] Designator Over Under
in. mm in. mm
1/8 to 1 1/2 [6 to 40], incl. 1/64 (0.015) 0.40 1/64 (0.015) 0.40
Over 1 1/2 to 4 [40 to 100], incl. 1/32 (0.031) 0.79 1/32 (0.031) 0.79
Over 4 to 8 [100 to 200], incl. 1/16 (0.062) 1.59 1/32 (0.031) 0.79
Over 8 to 12 [200 to 300], incl. 3/32 (0.093) 2.38 1/32 (0.031) 0.79
Over 12 [300] +/- 1% of the specified outside diameter
Ordering Information

Orders for material under this specification should include the following, as required, to describe the desired material adequately:

Quantity Feet, meters, or number of lengths
Name of material Seamless Alloy Steel Pipe
Grade P5, P9, P11, P22, P91
Manufacturer Hot-finished or cold-drawn
Size using one of the following:
NPS and Schedule Number
Outside Diameter and Nominal Wall Thickness
Outside Diameter and Minimum Wall Thickness
Inside Diameter and Nominal Wall Thickness
Inside Diameter and Minimum Wall Thickness
Length Specific or Random
End Finish
Mechanical Tests Specified

Transverse or Longitudinal Tension Test and Flattening Test, Hardness Test, or Bend Test
For material heat treated in a batch-type furnace, tests shall be made on 5% of the pipe from each treated lot. For small lots, at least one pipe shall be tested.
For material heat treated by the continuous process, tests shall be made on a sufficient number of pipe to constitute 5% of the lot, but in no case less than 2 pipe.

Notes for Hardness Test:
P91 shall not have a hardness not exceeding 250 HB/265 HV [25HRC].

Notes for Bend Test:
For pipe whose diameter exceeds NPS 25 and whose diameter to wall thickness ratio is 7.0 or less shall be subjected to the bend test instead of the flattening test.
Other pipe whose diameter equals or exceeds NPS 10 may be given the bend test in place of the flattening test subject to the approval of the purchaser.
The bend test specimens shall be bent at room temperature through 180 without cracking on the outside of the bent portion.

Hydrostatic Test

The inside diameter of the bend shall be 1 inch [25 mm].
Each length of pipe shall be Hydro tested, at option of manufacture nondestructive electric testing can be used.

Referenced Documents
  • A999/A999M Specification for General Requirements for Alloy and Stainless Steel Pipe
  • E213 Practice for Ultrasonic Examination of Metal Pipe and Tubing
  • E309 Practice for Eddy-Current Examination of Steel Tubular Products Using Magnetic Saturation
  • E381 Method of Macroetch Testing Steel Bars, Billets, Blooms, and Forgings
  • E527 Practice for Numbering Metals and Alloys in the Unified Numbering System (UNS)
  • E570 Practice for Flux Leakage Examination of Ferromagnetic Steel Tubular Products
  • B36.10M Welded and Seamless Wrought Steel Pipe
  • SAE J 1086 Practice for Numbering Metals and Alloys (UNS)
  • SNT-TC-1A Recommended Practice for Nondestructive Personnel Qualification and Certification

Alloy steel specification, Standard and identification

Alloy Steel pipe contains substantial quantities of elements other than carbon such as nickel, chromium, silicon, manganese, tungsten, molybdenum, vanadium and limited amounts of other commonly accepted elements such as manganese, sulfur, silicon, and phosphorous.

ASTM A335 Chrome Moly Pipe
Standards for Alloy pipes & tubes
ASTM A213 T91
ASTM A213M-09
for Seamless Ferritic and Austenitic Alloy-Steel Boiler, Superheater, and Heat-Exchanger Tubes
ASTM A333 Grade 6 alloy pipe shall be made by the seamless or welding process with the addition of no filler metal in the welding operation.
ASTM A333
Standard Specification for Seamless and Welded Steel Pipe for Low-Temperature Service and Other Applications.
ASTM A335 P22 is the part of ASTM A335, the pipe shall be suitable for bending, flanging, and similar forming operations, and for fusion welding.
ASTM A335
Astm A335 standard specication for seamless ferritic alloy-steel pipe for high-temperature service
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The main steel grade:
  • P195GH, P235GH, P265GH, 13CrMo4-5, 10CrMo9-10
  • Other grades of steel pipe can be provided based on negotiations.


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