ASTM A213 Alloy Tubes

ASTM A213 Alloy Tubes are been widely used in high temperature services especially for the boiler and superheater.

ASTM A213 Alloy Tubes material could be in alloy steel and stainless steel, and manufactured in seamless of hot rolled or cold drawn. So this pipe usually used in very important places and the price is much higher than normal carbon pipes.

Sunny Steel Supply stocks a full range of the following ASTM A213 grades:

Main grades: ASTM A213 T5, T5b, T9, T11, T91 and T22

Size range:

ASTM A213 Standard Scope:

ASTM A213 Standard Specification for Seamless Ferritic and Austenitic Alloy-Steel Boiler, Superheater, Heat-Exchanger Tubes.

1.1 This specification covers seamless ferritic and austenitic steel boiler, superheater, and heat-exchanger tubes, designated Grades T91, TP304, etc. These steels are listed in Tables 1 and 2.
1.2 Grades containing the letter, H, in their designation, have requirements different from those of similar grades not containing the letter, H. These different requirements provide higher creep-rupture strength than normally achievable in similar grades without these different requirements.
1.3 The tubing sizes and thicknesses usually furnished to this specification are 1/8 in. [3.2 mm] in inside diameter to 5 in. [127 mm] in outside diameter and 0.015 to 0.500 in. [0.4 to 12.7 mm], inclusive, in minimum wall thickness or, if specified in the order, average wall thickness. Tubing having other diameters may be furnished, provided such tubes comply with all other requirements of this specification.
1.4 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. The inch-pound units shall apply unless the “M” designation of this specification is specified in the order.

Main chemical composition(%) for ASTM A213
Grade UNS Designation C Mn P S Si
T2 K11547 0.10–0.20 0.30–0.61 0.025 0.025B 0.10–0.30
T5 K41545 0.15 0.30–0.60 0.025 0.025 0.5
T5b K51545 0.15 0.30–0.60 0.025 0.025 1.00–2.00
T5c K41245 0.12 0.30–0.60 0.025 0.025 0.5
T9 K90941 0.15 0.30–0.60 0.025 0.025 0.25–1.00
T11 K11597 0.05–0.15 0.30–0.60 0.025 0.025 0.50–1.00
T12 K11562 0.05–0.15 0.30–0.61 0.025 0.025B 0.5
T17 K12047 0.15–0.25 0.30–0.61 0.025 0.025 0.15–0.35
T21 K31545 0.05–0.15 0.30–0.60 0.025 0.025 0.50–1.00
T22 K21590 0.05–0.15 0.30–0.60 0.025 0.025 0.5
T23 K40712 0.04–0.10 0.10–0.60 0.03 0.01 0.5
T24 K30736 0.05–0.10 0.30–0.70 0.02 0.01 0.15–0.45
T36 K21001 0.10–0.17 0.80–1.20 0.03 0.025 0.25–0.50
T91 K90901 0.07–0.14 0.30–0.60 0.02 0.01 0.20–0.50
T92 K92460 0.07–0.13 0.30–0.60 0.02 0.01 0.5
T122 K91271 0.07–0.14 0.7 0.02 0.01 0.5
T911 K91061 0.09–0.13 0.30–0.60 0.02 0.01 0.10–0.50
Size range:
NPS, inch
Outside Diameter(mm)
Wall Thickness(mm)
Max. Length(M)
1,24; 1,73; 2,40
1,65; 2,24; 3,02
1,65; 2,31; 3,20
1,65; 2,11; 2,77; 3,73
1,65; 2,11; 2,87; 3,91
1,65; 2,77; 3,38; 4,55
1 1/4
1,65; 2,77; 3,56; 4,85
1 1/2
2,77; 3,68; 5,08
3,91; 5,54
2 1/2
5,16; 7,01

TABLE 1 Chemical Composition Limits, %

A, for Low Alloy SteelA Maximum, unless range or minimum is indicated. Where ellipses (…) appear in this table, there is no requirement, and analysis for the element need not be determined or reported.

B, It is permissible to order T2 and T12 with a sulfur content of 0.045 max. See 16.3.

C, Alternatively, in lieu of this ratio minimum, the material shall have a minimum hardness of 275 HV in the hardened condition, defined as after austenitizing and cooling to room temperature but prior to tempering. Hardness testing shall be performed at mid-thickness of the product. Hardness test frequency shall be two samples of product per heat treatment lot and the hardness testing results shall be reported on the material test report.

Standards for Alloy pipes & tubes

ASTM A213 T91
ASTM A213M-09
Standard Specification for Seamless Ferritic and Austenitic Alloy-Steel Boiler, Superheater, and Heat-Exchanger Tubes
ASTM A333 Grade 6 alloy pipe shall be made by the seamless or welding process with the addition of no filler metal in the welding operation.
Standard Specification for Seamless and Welded Steel Pipe for Low-Temperature Service and Other Applications.
ASTM A335 P22 is the part of ASTM A335, the pipe shall be suitable for bending, flanging, and similar forming operations, and for fusion welding.
ASTM A335/ASME SA335 standard specication for seamless ferritic alloy-steel pipe for high-temperature service
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Alloy Steel pipe contains substantial quantities of elements other than carbon such as nickel, chromium, silicon, manganese, tungsten, molybdenum, vanadium and limited amounts of other commonly accepted elements such as manganese, sulfur, silicon, and phosphorous.

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ASTM A335 P11 alloy pipe


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