Why Use Aluminum Fins?

According to the heat exchange application and operation, there are various materials. The common ones are Aluminum, Alloy, Copper, Brass, Nickel, Titanium, Stainless Steel, Carbon Steel, etc, among which the aluminum and alloy are mostly used.

The basic performance for fin tube heat exchange should be with good solder ability and form ability, higher mechanical strength, good corrosion resistance and thermal conductivity. In spite of these, aluminum and alloy are also featured in extension and higher tensile strength increases under lower temperature. Around all world, especially for low temperature and compact heat exchange, they are widely applied.

Let’s see the feature of aluminum

1. Low Density
By alloying and heat treatment, it can reach the structural of construction steel. Suitable for various transportation, especially for small vehicle, reducing weight and consumption.

2. Good Corrosion Resistance
When under harsh conditions, the materials oxide from aluminum is non-toxic. With aluminum heat exchange, no worries that air or liquid inside will be destructed by oxide after long time.

3. Good Thermal Conductivity
Especially suitable for radiating fin, heat transfer evaporator and condenser.  

4. High Yielding and resistance to die cutting.
It is easy for processing and forming.
As a professional finned tube manufacturer, our leading product is aluminum finned tube. Should you have any interest, please contact us for more.

Fin Tube Ration Affected by Fin Height, Fin Thickness and Fin Pitch

When the fins are root-grounded on the base bare tube, in the case of heat from inside to outside, the heat will be transferred from fin root along fin height. It is also continuously transmitted to the surrounding fluid by convective heat transfer. As a result, the fin temperature gradually decreases along the altitude. This also illustrates that difference between fin temperature and ambient fluid temperature is reducing gradually and the heat change per unit is shrinking. Therefore, the effect of fin surface area on enhanced heat transfer is decreasing. The higher the fin, the contribution of the increased area to heat exchange is smaller.

Fin Height

Generally speaking, as for the high frequency welded fin tube applied in engineering project, when fin height is 15mm, the fin efficiency is about 0.8; when fin height is 20mm, the fin efficiency is decreased to 0.7. Based on this, 15mm is the best height. If fins height above 20mm, the fin efficiency will be very bad, so generally not adopted. However, for the aluminum fin on air cooler, height at 22-25mm are always adopted due to much better heat conductivity coefficient of aluminum than carbon steel.

How will fin pitch affect fin ratio?

Usually smaller pitch can effectively increase fin ratio. While considering the flow gas property and ash deposit , we should pay attention to following factors.

A. Serious heavy ash deposit

Such as electric furnace and converter in steel works and exhaust of industrial cellar furnace, the ash content is heavy. If fin tubes are used for heat exchange, larger fin pitch will be suggested. For example, if pitch above 10mm, it is necessary to add a air discharge and choose an air blower.

B. Occasion with small ash deposit but should also be cared.

Take exhaust on plant boiler and industrial boiler as example, 8mm fin pitch is suitable, but should be designed with self-blowing ability.

C. Occasion with no dust or light dust.

Such as exhaust on burning natural gas equipment or air cooler, fin pitch at 4-6mm is OK. For aluminum air cooler, 3mm as fin pitch is also chosen.

Fin Thickness

The choice on fin thickness depends on corrosion and abrasion of fluid gas. Usually thicker fin is used on site with heavy corrosion.




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