Difference between carbon steel and alloy steel

Steel is an alloy that mostly contains iron. But its properties can be changed to suit specific requirements by adding certain other elements. This explains the differences between alloy steel and carbon steel. As the name indicates, alloy steel has other elements added to it whereas carbon steel is a kind of steel having higher carbon content. There are other differences also that will be talked about in this article.

Alloy Steel vs Carbon Steel
Carbon steel

Carbon steel is also known as the iron-carbon alloy containing less than 2% carbon WC.
Generally also contain small amounts of silicon, manganese, sulfur, phosphorus and carbon steel, in addition to carbon use can be divided into carbon steel and carbon structural steel, carbon tool steel, and ease of cutting structural steel three categories. Carbon structural steel is divided into building structural steel and machinery manufacturing structural steel two kinds.

According to the carbon steel, carbon content can be divided into low-carbon steel (WC ≤ 0.25%), medium carbon steel (WC0.25% - 0.6%) phosphorus, sulfur content and high-carbon steel (WC> 6%) can be divided into ordinary carbon steel (containing phosphorus, sulfur higher), high-quality carbon steel (containing phosphorus, low sulfur) and high quality steel (phosphorus, sulfur less), generally, the higher carbon content, the higher the hardness, higher strength but lower ductility.

Alloy steel

Alloy steel is a type of steel that has presence of certain other elements apart from iron and carbon. Commonly added elements in alloy steel are manganese, silicon, boron, chromium, vanadium and nickel. The quantity of these metals in alloy steel is primarily dependent upon the use of such steel. Normally alloy steel is made to get desired physical characteristics in the steel.

Alloy steels are divided into low alloy steels and high alloy steels. When the percentage of added elements goes past 8 (in terms of weight), the steel is referred to as high alloy steel. In cases where added elements remain below 8% by weight of the steel, it is a low alloy steel. Low alloy steels are more common in the industry. In general, addition of one or more of such elements to steel makes it harder and more durable. Such steel is also resistant to corrosion and tougher than normal steel. To alter the properties of steel, it needs heat treatment when elements are added to it.

To keep the alloy steel weldable, carbon content needs to be reduced. As such carbon content is lowered down to 0.1% to 0.3% and alloying elements are also decreased in proportion. These alloys of steel are known as high strength, low alloy steels. You would be surprised to know that stainless steel is also an alloy steel with a minimum of 10% of chromium by weight.

In brief Alloy Steel vs Carbon Steel:

Standards for Alloy pipes & tubes

ASTM A213 T91
ASTM A213M-09
Standard Specification for Seamless Ferritic and Austenitic Alloy-Steel Boiler, Superheater, and Heat-Exchanger Tubes
ASTM A333 Grade 6 alloy pipe shall be made by the seamless or welding process with the addition of no filler metal in the welding operation.
ASTM A333
Standard Specification for Seamless and Welded Steel Pipe for Low-Temperature Service and Other Applications.
ASTM A335 P22 is the part of ASTM A335, the pipe shall be suitable for bending, flanging, and similar forming operations, and for fusion welding.
ASTM A335
ASTM A335/ASME SA335 standard specication for seamless ferritic alloy-steel pipe for high-temperature service
Related alloy steel products:
Carbon steel flanges
Alloy steel flanges
Alloy steel flange, that is, the main material is alloy steel flange or end flange connectors. It contains alloy steel flange, known as alloy steel flange.
Rare earth alloy wear-resistant tube
Rare earth alloy wear resistant pipe has the characteristics of fast velocity and high flow rate is used for pneumatic, pump slurry, etc.
Wear resistant alloy composite pipe
Wear resistant alloy composite pipe
Wear-resistant alloy steel pipe as the base, lined with ultra-wear-resistant alloy, through the centrifugal casting, metallurgy combined to form a solid.

Alloy steel specification, Standard and identification

Alloy Steel pipe contains substantial quantities of elements other than carbon such as nickel, chromium, silicon, manganese, tungsten, molybdenum, vanadium and limited amounts of other commonly accepted elements such as manganese, sulfur, silicon, and phosphorous.

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ASTM A335 P11 alloy pipe


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