Carbon steel internal defects

Carbon steel internal defects is generated in the carbon steel smelting defect smelting and casting process, such as segregation, non-metallic inclusions, porosity, shrinkage and cracks.

Segregation is the uneven distribution of chemical composition in the steel, in particular harmful elements such as sulfur, phosphorus enrichment in the ingot.

Non-metallic inclusions
Non-metallic inclusions refers to non-metallic inclusions in steel containing impurities such as sulfides and oxides.

Stomata refers iron and carbon monoxide gas effect generated in the pouring can not fully escape and stay in the tiny pores in the ingot.

Shrinkage is due to the liquid steel ingot mold from outside to inside, the volume contraction during solidification bottom-up, because the level drops, the final solidification of liquid steel parts can not be added to form.

Solidification of liquid steel in the order due to different causes stress, tension cracks may appear larger parts.

Seamless pipe Specification, standard and identification

Seamless pipes are extensively applied for the nuclear device, gas, petrochemical, ship building and boiler industries. Seamless pipes dominates 65% of market share in Chinese boiler industry.