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ASTM A213M-09

ASTM A213 Standard Specification for Seamless Ferritic and Austenitic Alloy-Steel Boiler, Superheater, and Heat-Exchanger Tubes

ASTM A213M-09 standard is issued under the fixed designation A 213/A 213M; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year of original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision.


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The recommended ASTM A213 alloy pipes/ tubes as below:

Seamless Ferritic and Austenitic Alloy-Steel Boiler, Superheater, and Heat-Exchanger Tubes.

ASTM A213 T5 Superheater and Heat-Exchanger Tubes
A213 T5 Superheater Tubes
ASTM A213 T5 Standard covers seamless ferritic and austenitic steel boiler, superheater, and heat-exchanger tubes.
Measurment out diameter
ASTM A213 T5b alloy tube
ASTM A213 T5b Standard covers seamless ferritic and austenitic steel boiler, superheater, and heat-exchanger tubes.
ASTM A213 T9
ASTM A213 T9 alloy pipe
ASTM A213 T9 is the part of ASTM A213 Standard Specification for Seamless Ferritic and Heat-Exchanger Tubes.
ASTM A213 T11
ASTM A213 T11 alloy pipe
ASTM A213 T91 tubes shall be made by the seamless process and shall be either hot finished or cold finished, as specified.
ASTM A213 T91
ASTM A213 T91 alloy tube
ASTM A213 T91 is the part of ASTM A213 Standard Specification for Seamless Ferritic and Austenitic Alloy-Steel Boiler, Superheater, Heat-Exchanger Tubes.
ASTM A213 T22
ASTM A213 T22 alloy pipes
ASTM A213 T22 is the part of ASTM A213 Standard Specification for Seamless Ferritic and Austenitic Alloy-Steel Boiler, Superheater, Heat-Exchanger Tubes.

This standard is issued under the fixed designation A 213/A 213M; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year of original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval. A superscript epsilon (′) indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.
Thisstandardhas been approved for use by agencies of the Department of Defense.

1. Scope
1.1 This specication2 covers seamless ferritic and austenitic steel boiler,superheater, andheat-exchanger tubes, designated Grades T5,TP304, etc. These steels are listed in Tables 1 and 2.
1.2 Grades containing the letter, H, in their designation, have requirements different from those of similar grades not containing the letter, H. These different requirements provide higher creep-rupture strength than normally achievable in similar grades without these different requirements.
1.3 The tubing sizes and thicknesses usually furnished to this specication are 18 in. [3.2 mm] in inside diameter to 5 in. [127 mm] in outside diameter and 0.015 to 0.500 in. [0.4 to 12.7 mm], inclusive, in minimum wall thickness or, if specied in the order, average wall thickness. Tubing having other diameters may be furnished, provided such tubes comply with all other requirements of this specication.

1. The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. The inch-pound units shall apply unless the “M” designation of this specication is specied in the order.
2. Referenced Documents
2.1 ASTM Standards:3
1 This specication is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A01on Steel,Stainless Steeland Related Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee A01.10 on Stainless and Alloy Steel Tubular Products.
Current edition approved April 1, 2009. Published April 2009. Originally approved in 1939. Last previous edition approved in 2009 as A 213/A 213M – 09.
2 For ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code applications see related Specication SA-213 in Section II of that Code.
3 For referenced ASTM standards, visit the ASTM website, www.astm.org, or contact ASTM Customer Service at service@astm.org. ForAnnualBookofASTM Standards volume information, refer to the standard’s Document Summary page on the ASTM website.
A 262 Practices for Detecting Susceptibility to Intergranu lar Attack in AusteniticStainless Steels
A 941 Terminology Relating to Steel,Stainless Steel, Re lated Alloys, and Ferroalloys
A 1016/A 1016M Specication for General Requirements for Ferritic AlloySteel, Austenitic Alloy Steel, andStainless Steel Tubes
E112 Test Methods for Determining Average Grain Size
3. Terminology

1. Denitions—For denitions of terms used in this specication, refer to Terminology A 941.
2. Ordering Information

4.1 It shall be the responsibility of the purchaser to specify all requirements that are necessary for products under this specication. Such requirements to be considered include, but are not limited to, the following:
4.1.1 Quantity (feet, metres, or number of lengths),
4.1.2 Name of material (seamless tubes),
4.1.3 Grade (Tables 1 and 2),
4.1.4 Condition (hot nished or cold nished),
4.1.5 Controlled structural characteristics (see 6.3),
4.1.6 Size (outside diameter and minimum wall thickness, unless average wall thickness is specied),
4.1.7 Length (specic or random),
4.1.8 Hydrostatic Test or Nondestructive Electric Test (see 10.1),
4.1.9 Specication designation and year of issue,
4.1.10 Increased sulfur (for machinability, see Note B, Table 1, and 15.3), and

Special requirements and any supplementary requirements selected.
General Requirements
5.1 Product furnished to this specication shall conform to the requirements of SpecicationA 1016/A 1016M, including any supplementary requirements that are indicated.
Nominal Pipe Size(NPS): 1/8, 1/4, 3/8, 1/2, 3/4, 1, 1 1/4, 1 1/2, 2, 2 1/2 inch
Outside Diameter: 10,3 - 73 mm (0,405 - 2,875 inch)
Wall Thickness: 1,24 - 7,01 (0,049 - 0,276 inch)
Notes:
Steel Grades -TP 304, TP 304L, TP 316, TP 316L, TP 321, T5, T11, T12, T13, T91
Technical requirements acc. to ASTM A 450.
Size of pipes in accordance with ANSI/ASME B36.19M.
The quality of pipes is ensured by manufacturing process and non-destructive test.
Hardness of metal not less than 100 HB.
Length tolerance of measured pipes not greater than +10 mm.
Monitoring of continuity of metal by pneumotest with pressure of 6 bar is available.
Intergranular corrosion test in accordance with ASTM A262, Practice E is available.
Weight Count:(just for Alloy Steel)
Weight(Kg/M)=(OD-WT)*WT*0.02466 , OD:Outside Diameter, WT:Wall-Thickness
Sizes:
NPS, inch
Outside Diameter(mm)
Wall Thickness(mm)
Max. Length(M)
1/8
10,3
1,24; 1,73; 2,40
12
1/4
13,7
1,65; 2,24; 3,02
3/8
17,1
1,65; 2,31; 3,20
1/2
21,3
1,65; 2,11; 2,77; 3,73
3/4
26,7
1,65; 2,11; 2,87; 3,91
1
33,4
1,65; 2,77; 3,38; 4,55
10
1 1/4
42,4
1,65; 2,77; 3,56; 4,85
1 1/2
48,3
2,77; 3,68; 5,08
2
60,3
3,91; 5,54
7
2 1/2
73,0
5,16; 7,01

Mechanical properties:
Steel Grade
Tensile StrengthN/mm2(min)
Yield StrengthN/mm2(min)
Elongation % (min)
TP304
515
205
35
TP304L
485
170
35
TP316
515
205
35
TP316L
485
170
35
TP321
515
205
35
T11
≥415
≥205
30
T12
≥415
≥220
---
T13
≥415
≥205
30

Chemical Composition(%, max)
Steel Grade
C
Si
Mn
Cr
Ni
Mo
S
P
TP304
0,08
0,75
2
18 - 20
8 - 11
-
0,03
0,04
TP304L
0,035
0,75
2
18 - 20
8 - 13
-
0,03
0,04
TP316
0,08
0,75
2
16 - 18
11 - 14
2 - 3
0,03
0,04
TP316L
0,035
0,75
2
16 - 18
10 - 15
2 - 3
0,03
0,04
TP321
0,08
0,75
2
17 - 20
9 - 13
-
0,03
0,04
T11
0.05-0.15 0.50-1.00 0.30-0.60
0.5-1.0
---
1.0-1.5 ≤0.25 ≤0.025
T12
0.05-0.15 ≤0.50 0.30-0.61 0.80-1.25
---
0.44-0.65 ≤0.25 ≤0.025
T13
0.05-0.15 ≤0.50 0.30-0.60 1.90-2.60
---
0.87-1.13 ≤0.25 ≤0.025

Material Comparison Tables (ASTM →KS, JIS, DIN, BS, NBN, NF, UNI)

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ASTM A335 P11 alloy pipe

Alloy steel specification, Standard and identification

Alloy Steel pipe contains substantial quantities of elements other than carbon such as nickel, chromium, silicon, manganese, tungsten, molybdenum, vanadium and limited amounts of other commonly accepted elements such as manganese, sulfur, silicon, and phosphorous.

Why bevel a pipe?
Why bevel a pipe?
Beveling can applied to the face of any size or diameter of pipe.
ASTM A335 Chrome Moly Pipe
Alloy Steel Chemical composition
Steel Grade Standard Number Type Chemical composition Other
C Si S P Mn Cr Ni Mo Other ób ós δ5 HB
1Cr5Mo GB1221 Bar 0.15 0.5 0.03 0.035 0.6 4-6 0.6 0.45-0.6 590 390 18
1Cr5Mo GB6479 Pipe 0.15 0.5 0.03 0.035 0.6 4-6 0.45-0.6 Cu:0.25 390-590 195 22 ak J/cm2:118
1Cr5Mo GB9948 Pipe 0.15 0.5 0.03 0.035 0.6 4-6 0.6 0.45-0.6 Cu:0.25 390 195 22 187 Aku J:92
1Cr2Mo GB9948 Pipe 0.15 0.5-1 0.03 0.035 0.3-0.6 2.15-2.85 0.45-0.65 Cu:0.25 390 175 22 179 Aku J:92
12CrMo GB/T3077 Bar 0.08-0.15 0.17-0.37 0.035 0.035 0.4-0.7 0.4-0.7 0.3 0.4-0.55 Cu:0.3 410 265 24 179 ψ%:60;Aku2 J:110
12CrMo GB6479 Pipe 0.08-0.15 0.17-0.37 0.035 0.035 0.4-0.7 0.4-0.7 0.4-0.55 Cu:0.25 410-560 205 21 ak J/cm2:69
12CrMo GB9948 Pipe 0.08-0.15 0.17-0.37 0.035 0.035 0.4-0.7 0.4-0.7 0.3 0.4-0.55 Cu:0.25 410-560 205 21 156 Aku J:55
12CrMoG GB5310 Pipe 0.08-0.15 0.17-0.37 0.03 0.03 0.4-0.7 0.4-0.7 0.3 0.4-0.55 Cu:0.2 410-560 205 21 Akv J:35
12Cr1MoV GB/T3077 Bar 0.08-0.15 0.17-0.37 0.035 0.035 0.4-0.7 0.9-1.2 0.3 0.25-0.35 V:0.15-0.3;Cu:0.3 490 245 22 179 ψ%:50;Aku2 J:71
12Cr1MoVG GB5310 Pipe 0.08-0.15 0.17-0.37 0.03 0.03 0.4-0.7 0.9-1.2 0.3 0.25-0.35 V:0.15-0.3;Cu:0.2 470-640 255 21 Akv J:35
12Cr1MoVg GB713 Plate 0.08-0.15 0.17-0.37 0.03 0.03 0.4-0.7 0.9-1.2 0.3 0.25-0.35 Cu:0.3 440 245 19 Akv J:31
12Cr2Mo GB6479 Pipe 0.08-0.15 0.4-0.7 0.035 0.035 0.5 2-2.5 0.9-1.2 Cu:0.25 450-600 280 20 ak J/cm2:48
12Cr2MoG GB5310 Pipe 0.08-0.15 0.5 0.03 0.03 0.4-0.7 2-2.5 0.3 0.9-1.2 Cu:0.2 450-600 280 20 Akv J:35
15CrMo GB/T3077 Bar 0.12-0.18 0.17-0.37 0.035 0.035 0.4-0.7 0.8-1.1 0.3 0.4-0.55 Cu:0.3 440 295 22 179 ψ%:60;Aku2 J:94
15CrMo GB6479 Pipe 0.12-0.18 0.17-0.37 0.035 0.035 0.4-0.7 0.8-1.1 0.4-0.55 Cu:0.25 440-640 235 21 ak J/cm2:59
15CrMo GB9948 Pipe 0.12-0.18 0.17-0.37 0.035 0.035 0.4-0.7 0.8-1.1 0.3 0.4-0.55 Cu:0.25 440-640 235 21 170 Aku J:47
15CrMoG GB5310 Pipe 0.12-0.18 0.17-0.37 0.03 0.03 0.4-0.7 0.8-1.1 0.3 0.4-0.55 Cu:0.2 440-640 235 21 Akv J:35
15CrMog GB713 Plate 0.12-0.18 0.15-0.4 0.03 0.03 0.4-0.7 0.8-1.2 0.3 0.45-0.6 Cu:0.3 450-590 295 19 Akv J:31
15CrMoR GB6654 Plate 0.12-0.18 0.15-0.4 0.03 0.03 0.4-0.7 0.8-1.2 0.3 0.45-0.6 Cu:0.3 450-590 295 19 Akv J:35

Standards for Alloy pipes & tubes

ASTM A213 T91
ASTM A213M-09
for Seamless Ferritic and Austenitic Alloy-Steel Boiler, Superheater, and Heat-Exchanger Tubes
ASTM A333 Grade 6 alloy pipe shall be made by the seamless or welding process with the addition of no filler metal in the welding operation.
ASTM A333
Standard Specification for Seamless and Welded Steel Pipe for Low-Temperature Service and Other Applications.
ASTM A335 P22 is the part of ASTM A335, the pipe shall be suitable for bending, flanging, and similar forming operations, and for fusion welding.
ASTM A335
Astm A335 standard specication for seamless ferritic alloy-steel pipe for high-temperature service
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ASTM A519-89 Standard specification

ASTM A519- specification covers for several grades of carbon and alloy steel mechanical tubing, either hot-finished or cold-finished.

EN10216 Standard specification

EN 10216 is a European standard suitable for seamless steel tubes for pressure purposes.

EN 10216 non alloy steel tubes EN 10216 non alloy steel tubes

The main steel grade:
  • P195GH, P235GH, P265GH, 13CrMo4-5, 10CrMo9-10
  • Other grades of steel pipe can be provided based on negotiations.


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