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What is a Flange?

What is a Pipe flange?

A pipe flange is a method of connecting pipes, valves, pumps and other equipment to form a piping system.
It also provides easy access for cleaning, inspection or modification. Flanges are usually welded or screwed. Pipe flanged joints are made by bolting together two flanges with a gasket between them to provide a seal.

TYPES OF FLANGES

The most used flange types in Petro and chemical industry are:

Types of flanges

SPECIAL FLANGES

Except the most used standard flanges, there are still a number of special flanges such as:

Types of Special flanges

Materials for Flanges

Pipe flanges are manufactured in all the different materials like stainless steel, cast iron, aluminium, brass, bronze, plastic etc. but the most used material is forged carbon steel and have machined surfaces.

In addition, flanges, like fittings and pipes, for specific purposes sometimes internally equipped with layers of materials of a completely different quality as the flanges themselves, which are "lined flanges".

The material of a flange, is basically set during the choice of the pipe, in most cases, a flange is of the same material as the pipe.

All flanges, discussed on this website fall under the ASME en ASTM standards, unless otherwise indicated. ASME B16.5 describes dimensions, dimensional tolerances etc. and ASTM the different material qualities.

Dimensions of Flanges

Each flange according to ASME B16.5 has a number of standard dimensions. If a draftsman in Japan or a work preparer in Canada or a pipefitter in Australia is speaking about a Welding Neck flange NPS 6, Class 150, Schedule 40 ASME B16.5, then it goes over the flange which in the image here below is shown.

If the flange is ordered, the supplier want to know the material quality. For example ASTM A105 is a forged carbon steel flange, while A182 is a forged stainless steel flange.


Standard we supply
ANSI
AWWA
ASME
DIN
Slip-On Flanges, SO Flange
Common flange types
Anchor flange
Specialty flange
150LB Carbon steel forged flange
Material Grades
Custom pipe flanges can be manufactured from a wide variety of materials and material grades.


What exactly do you mean by pipe fittings?

Butt Weld Pipe Fittings
Weldable Comp...
Forged Fittings
Forged Fittings
inner packing
Flanges
Fittings Accessories
Accessories
Ceramic lined pipe
Ceramic Lined Pipes

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