Precision cold drawn steel tube production process

Pipe weld cracks often follow different mechanisms can be divided into two types of thermal cracking and cold cracking.

Precision cold drawn steel tube production process

It is produced by the thermal cracking of a liquid to a solid state crystallization process in the weld metal, mostly generated in the weld metal. The main causes of its low-melting substance is present in the weld, which weakens the contact between the grains when subjected to high welding stress, it is easy to cause breakdown between the grains. Weldments and welding rod containing S, Cu impurities such a long time, it is prone to hot cracking.

Thermal cracking characteristic distribution along the grain boundaries. When the crack through the surface and the outside world, it is a clear tendency hydrogenation. Cold cracks are generated in the cooling process after welding, mostly produced in the base metal or base metal and the weld fusion line junction. The main reason is due to its generation or the weld heat affected zone formed within the quenched structure, under high stress, causing rupture of grains, the higher the carbon content of the welding elements, or more easily hardened alloy steel, the most prone to cold cracking. Excessive weld melt into hydrogen, can also cause cold cracking. A defect of the most dangerous cracks, which in addition to reducing the cross-section than the bearing, but also produce severe stress concentration at the crack will gradually expand in use, may eventually lead to the destruction member. So welded structures are generally not permitted the existence of such defect has been found to be a shovel to re-welding.

Steel pipe internal defects of weld lack of penetration is refers to the workpiece and the weld metal or weld layer between local incomplete fusion of a defect. Incomplete penetration welds weakened section of the work, causing serious stress concentration, greatly reduce joint strength, it is often a source of weld cracking. Weld slag sandwiched nonmetallic slag, that is called slag. Weld slag reduces work-section, resulting in stress concentration will reduce weld strength and toughness.

Porosity of the weld metal at high temperatures, the absorption due to too much gas or gas dissolved within the cell is generated by the reaction of metallurgical, too late when the bath is discharged is cooled and solidified, and the weld hole is formed inside or the surface, i.e. pores. The presence of pores reduces the effective work of the weld cross-section, to reduce the mechanical strength of the joint. If penetrating pores or continuity exists, it will seriously affect the tightness of the weldment. After cracking during welding or welding metal in the welded joints appearing partial rupture area called crack. Cracks may occur in the weld may also be produced in the weld heat affected zone on both sides. Sometimes occurs on the metal surface, the metal may be generated internally.



Tech & Service of Seamless pipe

Seamless pipes are extensively applied for the nuclear device, gas, petrochemical, ship building and boiler industries. Seamless pipes dominates 65% of market share in Chinese boiler industry.

How to make seamless pipe(seamless pipe process)?
Hot Piercing Workshop
Piercing process
The cross roll piercing and pilger rolling process in the size range from approx. 250 to 660 mm outside diameter.
Precision cold drawn steel tube production process
Pipe weld cracks
often follow different mechanisms can be divided into two types of thermal cracking and cold cracking.
How to calculate a steel pipe and tube theoretic weight
Calculate a steel pipe?
Pipe fittings are necessary to join together pipes, or to change the direction of an existing pipe.
Pipe beveling
Pipe beveling is the process where an angle is formed between the edge of the end of a pipe or tube and a plane perpendicular to the surface.
Steel pipe cutting machine
Pipe cutting
Cutting tools have a grinding wheel piece cutting machine (also known as toothless saw), hand saw, cutter and other hand tools.
How to calculate a steel pipe and tube theoretic weight
Packing the steel pipes
There are probably hundreds of different methods for packing a pipe, and most of them have merit, but there are two principles that are vital for any method.
Condition on delivery:

It refers to the state of final plastic deformation or final heat treatment of the delivered product. The hot-rolled or cold drawn (rolled) state or manufacturing state generally delivered without heat treatment; the heat-treated state after heat treatment delivery, or the normalizing, tempering, solid solution, annealing according to the type of heat treatment status.

Delivery status Abbreviation Description

Cold-finished/hard
(cold-finished as-drawn)

BK No heat treatment after the last cold-forming process. The tubes therefore have only low deformability.
Cold-finished/soft
(lightly cold-worked)
BKW After the last heat treatment there is a light finishing pass (cold drawing) With proper subsequent processing, the tube can be cold-formed (e.g. bent, expanded) within certain limits.
Annealed GBK After the final cold-forming process the tubes are annealed in a controlled atmosphere or under vacuum.
Normalized NBK The tubes are annealed above the upper transformation point in a controlled atmosphere or under vacuum.

Delivery according to actual weight or delivery according to theoretical weight

  • Actual weight - at the time of delivery, the weight of its product is delivered according to the weighing (weighing) weight;
  • Theoretical weight - The weight of the product at the time of delivery is calculated from the nominal size of the steel.
 


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