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What is a Flange?

Gasket, Flange gasket, Bolts for Flange Connections

Flange connection is to two pipes, fittings or equipment before each fixed at a flange on the flange between the two, together with flange pad, fastened together with bolts to complete the connection.

Some of pipe fittings and equipment have been built-flange, also falls within the flange connection. Has flanged pipe and fittings, also belongs to the flange. Flange connections are an important connection for pipeline construction. Flange connections easy to use, able to withstand greater pressure.

Flange connection

Sub-threaded flange connection (wiretapping) flange and welding flange. Low-pressure small-diameter wire access flange, high pressure and low pressure are the use of large-diameter welded flange, different pressure, flange thickness and bolt diameter and the number of connections are different.

Within the family, pipe diameter, and are low-voltage, see flange connection. If produced in a boiler room or scene is full of flanged pipes and fittings.

As iron welded flange, a lot of customers have doubts is the quality is better than the forging of iron welding flange welding flange. Actually iron welding flange of quality and forged of welding flange of quality is as of, but iron welding flange what place cannot has guarantees does, is iron welding flange of material most no guarantees has, because General of process among, iron welding flange of density is no problem of, but in for production of process among, iron welding flange of rough rarely for detection, so for, by production out yahoo, not after detection of iron welding flange of material cannot guarantee.

The different grades based on the pressure, flange pad also has a variety of materials, from the low-pressure asbestos pad, high-pressure pads to the metal pads are asbestos.

Within the family, pipe diameter is small, but also ow-voltage, see flange connection. If a boiler room or a production site, full of flanged pipes and equipment. Flange connection is to two pipes, fittings or equipment before each fixed at a flange on the flange between the two, together with flange pad, fastened together with bolts to complete the connection. Some of pipe fittings and equipment have been built-flange, also falls within the flange connection.

How to select the gasket for Flange Connections?

One of the best all-around seals, the spiral wound gasket offers a low-cost solution that has the ability to handle temperature and pressure fluctuations. Multiple plies of metal and filler in the spiral create a barrier that reduces the possibility of leaks.

Heat Exchanger Gaskets

Garlock manufactures a wide variety of double-jacketed, spiral-wound, metal-clad and solid metal gaskets for heat exchanger applications. GRAPHONIC® and Kammprofile gaskets are also available in heat exchanger configurations.

Temperature and Chemical Considerations

Be certain that the gasket you order is as resistant as possible to the media and temperature involved. Check the chemical compatibility of the metal as well as the filler material for the media to be sealed. As a general rule, the metal used in either the spiral winding or double-jacketed gasket should be similar to the flange material.

The compressibility of flexible graphite makes it an excellent filler material for metallic gaskets. Flexible graphite may be used in services with temperatures up to 950ºF (485ºC), though it should not be used with strong oxidizers such as nitric or sulfuric acid.

PTFE filler material provides excellent chemical resistance at temperatures below 500ºF (260ºC). In accordance with ASME B16.20, an inner ring is required when using conventional PTFE filler materials, in order to protect the winding from radial buckling.

Flange gasket
A flange gasket is a type of gasket made to fit between two sections of pipe that are flared to provide higher surface area.

Type of flange gaskets

Flange gaskets come in a variety of sizes and are categorized by their inside diameter and their outside diameter.
There are many standards in gasket for flanges of pipes. The gaskets for flanges can be divided in major 4 different categories:

Sheet gaskets are simple, they are cut to size either with bolt holes or without holes for standard sizes with various thickness and material suitable to media and temperature pressure of pipeline.
Ring gaskets also known as RTJ. They are mostly used in offshore oil- and gas pipelines and are designed to work under extremely high pressure. They are solid rings of metal in different cross sections like oval, round, octagonal etc. Sometimes they come with hole in center for pressure equalization.
Spiral wound gaskets are also used in high pressure pipelines and are made with stainless steel outer and inner rings and a center filled with spirally wound stainless steel tape wound together with graphite and PTFE, formed in V shape. Internal pressure acts upon the faces of the V, forcing the gasket to seal against the flange faces.

Types of flange gaskets

Materials for gaskets can be divided into three main categories:

Non-Metallic gaskets are usually composite sheet materials are used with flat-face and raised-face flanges in low Pressure Class applications. Non-metallic gaskets are manufactured from arimid fiber, glass fiber, elastomer, Teflon® (PTFE), graphite etc.. Full-face gasket types are suitable for use with flat-face flanges. Flat-ring gasket types are suitable for use with raised face flanges.
ASME B16.21 covers types, sizes, materials, dimensions, dimensional tolerances, and markings for non-metallic flat gaskets.

Bolted Flange connections

A bolted flange connection is a complex combination of many factors (Flange, Bolts, Gaskets, Process, Temperature, Pressure, Medium). All these various elements are interrelated and depend upon one another to achieve a successful result.

TYPICAL BOLTED FLANGE CONNECTION

TYPICAL BOLTED FLANGE CONNECTION

The reliability of the flanged joint depends critically upon competent control of the joint making process.

Some other disadvantages of flange connections:

Standard we supply
ANSI
AWWA
ASME
DIN



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