ASTM A210/ASME SA210

ASTM A210 is the standard covers seamless medium-carbon steel boiler and superheater tubes. Seamless medium carbon steel pipe for boiler tube and boiler flue pipe, including a minimum wall thickness of the security side, the dome and the support tube and superheater tubes.

ASTM A210/ASME SA210 Standard Specification for Seamless Medium-Carbon Steel Boiler and Superheater Tubes
ASTM A210/ASME SA210 Standard Specification for Seamless Medium-Carbon Steel Boiler and Superheater Tubes

ASTM A210/ASME SA210 Standard Specification for Seamless Medium-Carbon Steel Boiler and Superheater Tubes.

Mechanical Properties:

Grade C(Max) Mn Si(Min) P(Max) S(Max)
A1 0.27 Max.0.93 0.10 0.035 0.035
C 0.35 0.29~1.06 0.10 0.035 0.035

Chemical composition:

Grade Tensile Strength(Mpa) Yield Strength(Mpa) Elongation (%)
A1 ≥ 415 ≥ 255 ≥ 30
C ≥ 485 ≥ 275 ≥ 30

Outside Diameter & Tolerance

Pcorcess Outside Diameter , mm Tolerance, %
Hot rolled OD≤101.6 +0.4/-0.8
101.6<OD≤127 +0.4/-1.2
Cold Drawn OD<25.4 ±0.10
25.4≤OD≤38.1 ±0.15
38.1<OD<50.8 ±0.20
50.8≤OD<63.5 ±0.25
63.5≤OD<76.2 ±0.30
76.2≤OD≤101.6 ±0.38
101.6<OD≤127 +0.38/-0.64

Wall thickness & Tolerance

Pcorcess Outside Diameter , mm Tolerance, %
Hot rolled OD≤101.6, WT≤2.4 +40/-0
OD≤101.6, 2.4<WT≤3.8 +35/-0
OD≤101.6, 3.8<WT≤4.6 +33/-0
OD≤101.6, WT>4.6 +28/-0
OD>101.6, 2.4<WT≤3.8 +35/-0
OD>101.6, 3.8<WT≤4.6 +33/-0
OD>101.6, WT>4.6 +28/-0
Cold Drawn OD≤38.1 +20/-0
OD>38.1 +22/-0

ASTM A210 / A210M Tube Wall Thickness Tolerance

Seamless, Cold-Finished Tubes
Outside Diameter
In. (mm)
Wall thickness Tolerance %
Over (+) Under (-)
1 ½ (38.1) and under 20 0
Over 1½ (38.1) 22 0

ASTM A210 / A210M Tube Outside Diameter Tolerance

Cold-Finished Seamless Tubes
Outside Diameter
In. (mm)
Permissible Variations In. (mm)
Over (+) Under (-)
Under 1 (25.4) 0.004 (0.10) 0.004 (0.10)
1 to 1 ½ (25.4 to 38.1), Incl 0.006 (0.15) 0.006 (0.15)
Over 11⁄2 to 2 (38.1 to 50.8), Excl 0.008 (0.20) 0.008 (0.20)
2 to 21⁄2 (50.8 to 63.5), Excl 0.010 (0.25) 0.010 (0.25)
21⁄2 to 3 (63.5 to 76.2), Excl 0.012 (0.30) 0.012 (0.30)

ASTM A210 / A210M Tube Cut Length Tolerance

 Cold-Finished Seamless Tubes
Outside Diameter,
In.(mm)
Cut Length, in.(mm)
Over (+) Under (-)
All Sizes 3⁄16 [5] 0 [0]
Under 2 (50.8) 1⁄8 [3] 0 [0]
2 (50.8) and over 3⁄16 [5] 0 [0]
Under 2 (50.8) 1⁄8 [3] 0 [0]
2 (50.8) and over 3⁄16 [5] 0 [0]
These permissible variations in length apply to tubes before bending. They apply to cut lengths up to and including 24 ft [7.3 m]. For lengths greater than 24 ft [7.3 m], the above over-tolerances shall be increased by 1⁄8 in. [3 mm] for each 10 ft [3 m] or fraction thereof over 24 ft or 1⁄2 in. [13 mm], whichever is the lesser.

ASTM A210 / A210M Tube Hydrostatic Test Pressures

Each tube shall be subjected to the hydrostatic pressure test, or instead of this test, a nondestructive test may be used when specified by the purchaser.

Hydrostatic Test Pressures
Outside Diameter of Tube, in. [mm] Hydrostatic Test Pressure, psi [MPa]
Under 1 [25.4] 1000 [7]
1 to 11⁄2 [25.4 to 38.1], excl 1500 [10]
11⁄2 to 2 [38.1 to 50.8], excl 2000 [14]
2 to 3 [50.8 to 76.2], excl 2500 [17]

ASTM A210 / A210M Flattening Test

One flattening test shall be made on specimens from each end of one finished tube from each lot, but not the one used for the flaring test. Tears or breaks occurring at the 12 or 6 o’clock positions on Grade C tubing with sizes of 2.375 in. [60.3 mm] in outside diameter and smaller shall not be considered a basis for rejection.

Seamless pipe flaring test

ASTM A210 / A210M Flaring Test
One flaring test shall be made on specie- men from each end of the one finished tube from each lot, but not the one used for the flattening test.

Ordering Information
Orders for ASTM A210 / A210M, ASME SA210 should include the following, as required, to describe the desired material adequately:

When these products are to be used in applications conforming to ISO Recommendations for Boiler Construction, the requirements of Specification ASTM A 520 , shall supplement and supersede the requirements of this specification.

The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore, each system must be used independently of the other. Combining value from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the specification. The inch-pound units shall apply unless the "m" designation of this specification is specified in the order.

Note:

ASTM A210 GRADE A1 Seamless Tubes
Well packing

Delivery Condition:

Surface treatment:

Application:



Tech & Service of Seamless pipe

Seamless pipes are extensively applied for the nuclear device, gas, petrochemical, ship building and boiler industries. Seamless pipes dominates 65% of market share in Chinese boiler industry.

How to make seamless pipe(seamless pipe process)?
Hot Piercing Workshop
Piercing process
The cross roll piercing and pilger rolling process in the size range from approx. 250 to 660 mm outside diameter.
Precision cold drawn steel tube production process
Pipe weld cracks
often follow different mechanisms can be divided into two types of thermal cracking and cold cracking.
How to calculate a steel pipe and tube theoretic weight
Calculate a steel pipe?
Pipe fittings are necessary to join together pipes, or to change the direction of an existing pipe.
Pipe beveling
Pipe beveling is the process where an angle is formed between the edge of the end of a pipe or tube and a plane perpendicular to the surface.
Steel pipe cutting machine
Pipe cutting
Cutting tools have a grinding wheel piece cutting machine (also known as toothless saw), hand saw, cutter and other hand tools.
How to calculate a steel pipe and tube theoretic weight
Packing the steel pipes
There are probably hundreds of different methods for packing a pipe, and most of them have merit, but there are two principles that are vital for any method.
Condition on delivery:

It refers to the state of final plastic deformation or final heat treatment of the delivered product. The hot-rolled or cold drawn (rolled) state or manufacturing state generally delivered without heat treatment; the heat-treated state after heat treatment delivery, or the normalizing, tempering, solid solution, annealing according to the type of heat treatment status.

Delivery status Abbreviation Description

Cold-finished/hard
(cold-finished as-drawn)

BK No heat treatment after the last cold-forming process. The tubes therefore have only low deformability.
Cold-finished/soft
(lightly cold-worked)
BKW After the last heat treatment there is a light finishing pass (cold drawing) With proper subsequent processing, the tube can be cold-formed (e.g. bent, expanded) within certain limits.
Annealed GBK After the final cold-forming process the tubes are annealed in a controlled atmosphere or under vacuum.
Normalized NBK The tubes are annealed above the upper transformation point in a controlled atmosphere or under vacuum.

Delivery according to actual weight or delivery according to theoretical weight

  • Actual weight - at the time of delivery, the weight of its product is delivered according to the weighing (weighing) weight;
  • Theoretical weight - The weight of the product at the time of delivery is calculated from the nominal size of the steel.
 


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