API5L Steel pipe for pipeline transportation system

API5L Steel pipe for pipeline transportation system

Peotroleum and natureal gas industies - Steel pipe for pipeline transportation system.

Standard Line Pipe has grade designation A and B. Stronger grades have the designation X followed by the specified minimum yield strength of the pipe steel, measured in kilopounds per square inch (abbreviated ksi), e.g. X60 for pipe having a minimum yield strength of 60 ksi. See the table below for the standard available grades.

API 5L PSL 1: Chemical Compositions(%)

Grade C
B 0.28 1.20 0.030 0.030
X42 0.28 1.30 0.030 0.030
X46 0.28 1.40 0.030 0.030
X52 0.28 1.40 0.030 0.030
X56 0.28 1.40 0.030 0.030
X60 0.28 1.40 0.030 0.030

Note: c: The sum of the columbium [niobium], and vanadium contents shall not exceed 0.06% except that, by agreement between the purchaser and the manufacturer, an alternative maximum may be established.

API 5L PSL 2: Chemical Compositions(%)

Grade C
B 0.24 1.20 0.025 0.015 0.40 c c 0.04 0.25
X42 0.24 1.20 0.025 0.015 0.40 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.25
X46 0.24 1.40 0.025 0.015 0.40 0.07 0.05 0.04 0.25
X52 0.24 1.40 0.025 0.015 0.45 0.10 0.05 0.04 0.25
X56 0.24 1.40 0.025 0.015 0.45 0.10 0.05 0.04 0.25

API 5L PSL 1: Mechanical Properties

Grade Yield Strength (Mpa) Tensile Strength (Mpa)
B ≥245 ≥415
X42 ≥290 ≥415
X46 ≥320 ≥435
X52 ≥360 ≥460
X56 ≥390 ≥490
X60 ≥415 ≥520

API 5L PSL 2: Mechanical Properties

Grade Yield Strength (Mpa) Tensile Strength (Mpa)
B 245-450 415-760
X42 290-495 415-760
X46 320-525 435-760
X52 360-530 460-760
X56 390-545 490-760

Pipe End: 

square ends (straight cut, saw cut, and torch cut). or beveled for welding, beveled, 


Lightly oiled, Hot dip galvanized, Electro galvanized, Black, Bare, Varnish coating/Anti rust oil, Protective Coatings (Coal Tar Epoxy,  Fusion Bond Epoxy, 3-layers PE)


Plastic plugs in both ends, Hexagonal bundles of max. 2,000kg with several steel strips, Two tags on each bundle, Wrapped in waterproof paper, PVC sleeve, and sackcloth with several steel strips, Plastic caps.


Chemical Component Analysis, Mechanical Properties (Ultimate tensile strength, Yield, strength, Elongation), Technical Properties (Flattening Test, Bending Test, Blow Test, Impact Test), Exterior Size Inspection, Hydrostatic Test, X-ray Test.

Tech & Service of Seamless pipe

Seamless pipes are extensively applied for the nuclear device, gas, petrochemical, ship building and boiler industries. Seamless pipes dominates 65% of market share in Chinese boiler industry.

How to make seamless pipe(seamless pipe process)?
Hot Piercing Workshop
Piercing process
The cross roll piercing and pilger rolling process in the size range from approx. 250 to 660 mm outside diameter.
Precision cold drawn steel tube production process
Pipe weld cracks
often follow different mechanisms can be divided into two types of thermal cracking and cold cracking.
How to calculate a steel pipe and tube theoretic weight
Calculate a steel pipe?
Pipe fittings are necessary to join together pipes, or to change the direction of an existing pipe.
Pipe beveling
Pipe beveling is the process where an angle is formed between the edge of the end of a pipe or tube and a plane perpendicular to the surface.
Steel pipe cutting machine
Pipe cutting
Cutting tools have a grinding wheel piece cutting machine (also known as toothless saw), hand saw, cutter and other hand tools.
How to calculate a steel pipe and tube theoretic weight
Packing the steel pipes
There are probably hundreds of different methods for packing a pipe, and most of them have merit, but there are two principles that are vital for any method.
Condition on delivery:

It refers to the state of final plastic deformation or final heat treatment of the delivered product. The hot-rolled or cold drawn (rolled) state or manufacturing state generally delivered without heat treatment; the heat-treated state after heat treatment delivery, or the normalizing, tempering, solid solution, annealing according to the type of heat treatment status.

Delivery status Abbreviation Description

(cold-finished as-drawn)

BK No heat treatment after the last cold-forming process. The tubes therefore have only low deformability.
(lightly cold-worked)
BKW After the last heat treatment there is a light finishing pass (cold drawing) With proper subsequent processing, the tube can be cold-formed (e.g. bent, expanded) within certain limits.
Annealed GBK After the final cold-forming process the tubes are annealed in a controlled atmosphere or under vacuum.
Normalized NBK The tubes are annealed above the upper transformation point in a controlled atmosphere or under vacuum.

Delivery according to actual weight or delivery according to theoretical weight

  • Actual weight - at the time of delivery, the weight of its product is delivered according to the weighing (weighing) weight;
  • Theoretical weight - The weight of the product at the time of delivery is calculated from the nominal size of the steel.


Our team are highly trained and experienced in servicing and producing all types of steel supplies. Whether you've got a large construction project, or need parts for industrial machinery, our team of steel fabrication consultants will ensure that your project is provided with the parts you need, when you need them.

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