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316/316L Stainless Steel

Type 316/316L Stainless Steel is a molybdenum steel possessing improved resistance to pitting by solutions containing chlorides and other halides.

In addition, it provides excellent elevated temperature tensile, creep and stress-rupture strengths.

Chemcial Composition - 316/316L stainless steel tubing and pipe
Grade 316 316L
UNS Designation S31600 S31603
Carbon (C) Max. 0.08 0.030*
Manganese (Mn) Max. 2.00 2.00
Phosphorous (P) Max. 0.045 0.045
Sulphur (S) Max. 0.030 0.030
Silicon (Si) Max. 1.00 1.00
Chromium (Cr) 16.0 – 18.0 16.0 – 18.0
Nickel (Ni) 10.0 – 14.0 10.0 – 14.0
Molybdenum (Mo) 2.0 – 3.0 2.0 – 3.0
Nitrogen (N)
Iron (Fe) Bal. Bal.
Other Elements
Typical Mechanical Properties- Stainless Steel 316/316L
Material Form Tensile Strength (ksi) Yield Strength (ksi)
% Elongation Hardness HB
Alloy 316L 316L Sheet AMS 5507 100 max - 45


Alloy 316 316 Sheet AMS 5524 75 min 30 45 207 max
Physical Properties - 316/316L/316H stainless steel in the Annealed Condition at -20°F to +100°F
Alloy UNS Design
Spec. Tensile Strength Yield Strength
psi MPa ksi psi MPa ksi Elongation in 2 inches (min.) % Grain Size Req. Max. Hardness Modulus of Elasticity (x106 psi) Mean Coefficient of Thermal Expansion (IN./IN./°F x 10-6) Thermal
316 S31600 A249, A312 75,000 515 75 30,000 205 30 35 90 Rb 28.0 9.2 116
316L S31603 A270, A312 70,000 485 70 25,000 170 25 90 Rb 28.0 9.2 116
316H S31609 7 or coarser
Product Range - 316/316L Stainles steel
Alloy UNS Designation Werkstoff NR. Specifications*
316 S31600 1.4401 A269, A/SA249, A/SA312, A1016, A632, A/SA688
316L** S31603 1.4404 A269, A/SA249, A/SA312, A1016, A632, A/SA688

*Note: The specifications noted including ASTM, ASME, or other applicable authorities are correct at the time of publication. Other specifications may apply for use of these materials in different applications.

Design Features - 316/316L Stainless Steel
Typical Applications - Stainless Steel 316/316L
Tensile Requirements - Stainless Steel 316/316L

Tensile Strength (KSI): 70

Yield Strength (KSI): 25

KSI can be converted to MPA (Megapascals) by multiplying by 6.895.

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